The Common Cold
The most common cold in both children and adults is a mild illness caused by viruses. The common cold has symptoms such as sneezing, burning in the throat, pain, tingling, runny and stuffy nose, and cough.
To be protected, you need to do the following;
- Paying attention to hand hygiene,
- Eating healthy and regular,
- Not to neglect vegetables and fruits containing vitamin C,
- Avoiding closed and crowded places as much as possible.
They often confuse the flu with the common cold. However, flu has different symptoms than the common cold. More intense and severe such as fever, muscle aches, sweating, weakness and headache.
Flu is contagious. Therefore, a child with the flu should not be sent to school. It is very important not to infect other children. In order to protect children from flu, it is necessary to direct them to outdoor activities instead of indoors, to air their environment frequently and to wash their hands frequently with soap.
Laryngitis is usually seen in the autumn months. Edema, thickening of the voice and barking cough occur in the trachea infection disease that develops 1-2 days after upper respiratory tract infection.
In some children, respiratory distress may occur when the narrowing of the trachea increases. Measures taken against upper respiratory tract infection may be sufficient to prevent laryngitis.
Especially common in the autumn and winter months, middle ear inflammation is usually caused by upper respiratory tract infection. Middle ear inflammation, which is the symptoms of ear pain and fever, can resolve itself, even if it is not treated.
However, since it has risks such as permanent hearing loss, the natural course of the disease should be shortened with antibiotic treatment and the risks of complications should be reduced. In children who have had otitis media more than 5 times a year, it is important to examine the adenoid, allergies and immune systems separately.
Germs reach the nose and sinuses with respiration and cause sinusitis. Usually, following upper respiratory tract infection, it shows symptoms such as sinusitis, nasal congestion, dark yellow-green nasal discharge, fever, toothache and headache.
In autumn, allergic ailments such as nasal congestion, runny nose, cough and sneezing can be seen. In these allergies, there are no signs of infection such as fever and weakness.
Autumn allergy is caused by weather changes, humidity, viral infections.
To avoid allergens, wearing a mask that covers the nose and medical treatment is sufficient.
Allergies can be relieved in some children around the age of 7-8.
In those that start at a later age, it can usually end in adolescence.